When a person's teeth or jaws do not fit together properly, orthodontic treatment may be necessary to correct the problem. If left untreated, these orthodontic problems, often referred to as malocclusions, can cause speech difficulty, premature wear of the teeth and protective enamel, and even increase the chance of injury to the teeth and jaw joints.


UnderbiteAn underbite is characterized by the lower jaw extending too far out, causing the lower front teeth to sit in front of the upper front teeth.


CrossbiteThis malocclusion occurs when the upper teeth sit inside the lower teeth, which may cause misaligned jaw growth. In order to close the mouth, patients usually move their lower jaw forward or to the side. This incorrect bite results in an improper use of the lower jaws and sometimes brings about facial asymmetry.

Upper Front Teeth Protrusion

Upper Front Teeth ProtrusionThe appearance and function of your teeth are impacted by this type of bite. It is characterized by the upper teeth extending too far forward or the lower teeth not extending far enough forward.


OverbiteThe upper teeth extend too far over the lower teeth, sometimes causing the lower front teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth. Problems often associated with an overbite include a "gummy" smile, protruding lips and excessive incisor wear.


CrowdingCrowding occurs when teeth have insufficient room to erupt. It is the most common reason for braces. Not only is crowding unattractive, but it has also been linked to periodontal problems and dental decay because it is harder to clean overlapping teeth's surfaces.


OverbiteSpacing problems may be caused by missing teeth, or it may be a cosmetic concern for the patient. Spacing is another popular reason for braces. The opposite of crowding, spacing is most commonly caused by excessive jaw size in relation to the size of teeth.


CrowdingProper chewing is impacted by this type of bite, in which the upper and lower front teeth do not overlap. Openbite may be caused by a number habits, such as tongue thrusting or thumb sucking. An early evaluation and intervention is essential in correcting an openbite if it is due to one of these habits.

Dental Midlines not Matched

SpacingDental midlines that do not match can occur when the upper and lower jaws do not match appropriately. This may negatively impact jaw function and proper dental function.